Join Date: Nov 2004
Location: Rocky Mountains
Jews in Art
Creating Jewish-'American' Culture
The Jewish visual culture in America is a bridge in its efforts to adopt and adapt to the mainstream. This visual presentation focuses on the origins and development of this 'culture' in the United States.
This first presentation begins with the richness of the Jewish community in Spain, from which the Jews were expelled in 1492. They went to many places, including the New World, arriving in New York a hundred and fifty years later. By the mid-eighteenth century, the Jews established their first American synagogue, in Newport, Rhode Island. An American born Sephardic Jewish silversmith (Myer Myers), who apprenticed under Paul Revere, created rimonim for their Torahs.
In the nineteenth century, a Jewish-American artist and photographer (Solomon Carvalho) accompanied John Fremont on his western expedition seeking a route for the cross-country railroad. Another Jewish-American artist (Moses Ezekiel) fought in the Civil War and studied sculpture in Europe, creating major works for American sites.
By the turn of the twentieth century, some Jewish-American artists went to Europe to study in the School of Paris, and were excited by the avant-garde modernist art in painting, sculpture, and photography. The individual responsible for introducing the most advanced European art to America and for bringing photography to the level of fine art was a Jewish-American artist, Alfred Stieglitz.
Around the same time, the largest influx of Jews to America came from Eastern Europe. Their artworks reflected their memories and their experiences. The Depression and looming war in the 1930s impacted Jewish-American artists in a powerful and poignant way. Their works emphasize the social conditions of that time. Many European Jewish artists found safe haven in the United States during the war, and used their unique approach to highlight the events occurring in those war-torn lands.
This continuing presentation investigates the artworks of Jewish-American artists after World War II. At that time, the international center of art shifted from Paris to New York City and Jewish-American artists were leaders in the new aesthetic movements. From the first female sculptor and president of Artists Equity (Louise Nevelson) to the internationally acclaimed abstract expressionist painters (Mark Rothko, Barnett Newman, Adolph Gottlieb), the frontiers were wide open for new aesthetic approaches. Jewish-American artists were in the forefront, from second generation abstract expressionists (Helen Frankenthaler) to photographers (Diane Arbus, Richard Avedon), to Pop Art (Roy Lichtenstein) and sculpture (George Segal), to the individual thrusts of post-modernism (Ken Aptekar, Ida Applebroog, Barbara Kruger)....
Jewish Women Artists
This visual program focuses on the historical development of American Jewish artists, such as:
Meyer Myers, an 18th c. goldsmith
Moses Ezekiel, a 19th c. sculptor
Solomon Carvalho, a 19th c. photographer
Henry Mosler, a 19th c. painter
and many different 20th c. painters, sculptors, and video artists, such as:
Alfred Stieglitz, photographer
Sir Jacob Epstein, sculptor
Raphael and Moses Soyer, painters/printmakers
Elie Nadelman, sculptor
Max Weber, painter
Philip Evergood, painter
William Zorach, sculptor
Arthur Szyk, painter/illustrator
Gertrud and Otto Natzlers, ceramicists
Alfred Eisenstadt, journalist photographer
Roman Vishniac, 'Holocaust' photographer
Richard Avedon, fashion photographer
Diane Arbus, photographer
Aaron Siskind, photographer
Ad Reinhardt, painter
Philip Guston, painter
Morris Louis, painter
Jules Olitski, painter
Roy Lichtenstein, painter
Miriam Schapiro, painter
Audrey Flack, painter
Judy Chicago, painter
Jim Dine, painter
Ida Applebroog, painter
Jerome Witkin, painter
Ken Aptekar, painter
These creative individuals all show aspects of their world in their own special way. [Something of an understatement. --L.D.]
This slide lecture examines the various art forms created by Jewish Women artists. Their art reflects their unique life experiences, particularly as they reacted to the culture and the times in which they lived. From painters to sculptors, printmakers and photographers, these artists expressed the best of themselves and their artistic skills. Their art displays their concerns for social equality as well as time bound aesthetic issues, particularly during the Modernist era (1900-1980).
This program consists of works by :
Gertrud Natzler, ceramicist
Anni Albers, weaver
Sonia Delaunay, designer
Louise Nevelson, sculptor
Eva Hesse, sculptor
Last edited by lawrence dennis; November 1st, 2005 at 05:19 AM.
Reason: new title