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Old January 4th, 2019 #1
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Default The I. G. Farben Trial

The I. G. Farben Trial

By John Wear

Published: 2019-01-04

I.G. Farben is the short name of the corporation Interessen Gemeinschaft Farbenindustrie Aktiengesellschaft, which can loosely be translated as the Community of Interests of Dye-Making Companies. I.G. Farben was by far the largest German business organization and one of the largest and most profitable corporations in the world at the start of World War II.

The original International Military Tribunal (IMT) had planned to indict a prominent industrialist who typified the complicity of German business in Hitlerís programs. However, the IMT refused to include an industrialist as a defendant. Instead, the decision to conduct trials of German industrialists for war crimes was left to each of the Allies.

The United States filed an indictment on May 3, 1947 against 24 of I.G. Farbenís leading executives. One of the defendants was dismissed for health reasons. The 60-page indictment alleged that the defendants were responsible for National Socialist Germanyís war crimes. The trial, which began on August 27, 1947 in the Palace of Justice at Nuremberg, was the sixth of 12 war-crimes trials the United States held in its occupation zone after World War II.


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