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Old April 21st, 2009 #1
Peer Fischer
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Default Heck Cattle

Hitler has only got one bull (and it's alive and well in the West Country)

Ancient breed resurrected by Nazis to 'purify' the countryside set up home here

By Cahal Milmo, Chief Reporter

Hitler wanted them to be Aryan cows – ancient beasts resurrected from a time before Europe was populated by "racially degenerate" wildlife.

Hermann Goering was so keen to recreate the one-time prey of Roman hunters that he employed two Nazi scientists to breed the once mighty aurochs back into existence.

The project seemed to have ended with the Second World War when nearly all the cattle kept in Berlin and Munich's zoos were destroyed.

But some 70 years later, the fruit of this deluded labour to bring back to life the gargantuan bovines which roamed Eurasia can now be found peacefully chewing the cud in a few fields on the Devon-Cornwall border.

A herd of 13 Heck cattle, named after the two German zoologist brothers who bred the long-horned, stocky cattle in the Nazi-funded project, has been acquired by a West Country conservationist as part of a rare breeds farm.

Derek Gow, who already has a collection of beavers, polecats and water voles, bought the nine cows and four bulls from a Belgian conservation park which had bred a herd of the shaggy Heck cattle from the few surviving animals left in Munich's Hellabrunn Zoo after 1945.

Mr Gow, 44, who runs a farm at Lifton, near Dartmoor, said: "The Nazis wanted to recreate the aurochs to evoke the power of the folklores and legends of the Germanic peoples. Between the two wars there was thinking that you could selectively breed animals – and indeed people – for Aryan characteristics that were rooted in runes and folklore. Young men hunted these bulls as preparation for battle and leadership in war. Hunting was a very big part of what people like Goering did. This was something that was considered very manly to do."

http://www.independent.co.uk/environ...y-1672104.html
 
Old April 21st, 2009 #2
Axel Faaborg
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Peer Fischer View Post
Between the two wars there was thinking that you could selectively breed animals – and indeed people – for Aryan characteristics that were rooted in runes and folklore.
"There was thinking"?!

That's fucking science! If selectively breeding for certain traits was something that was just "thinking" in "between the two wars," then what in the flying fuck is animal husbandry?
 
Old April 22nd, 2009 #3
TwistedCross
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Originally Posted by AZDane View Post
"There was thinking"?!

That's fucking science! If selectively breeding for certain traits was something that was just "thinking" in "between the two wars," then what in the flying fuck is animal husbandry?
A myth... we are all created equal. A Mastiff is a lap dog and a Chihuahua makes a great sled dog. They are all dogs right?
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Old April 22nd, 2009 #4
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Originally Posted by TwistedCross View Post
A myth... we are all created equal. A Mastiff is a lap dog and a Chihuahua makes a great sled dog. They are all dogs right?
Yes. You are 100% correct. Only a racist idiot would think otherwise. The only difference is the color of their fur.

Some guy told me that Pit bulls were more likely to randomly attack a human, as compared to a Weimaraner or a Golden Retriever. I put that idiot in his place real quick. LOL What a racist asshole. It's because the Government doesn't spend as much money on Pit Bull dog schools, and the pit bulls are generally raised below the poverty line. Golden Retrievers however live the Golden Gravy Train privilege life.

Jersey... Black Angus... Red Angus... Shorthorn... Longhorn... Highland... Even Buffalo and Oxen. No difference whatsoever. Their blood is all red.
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Old April 22nd, 2009 #5
Farwell Kirk
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An article this stupid could only come from the British press.
 
Old April 22nd, 2009 #6
Hugo Böse
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Oy vey, de bovid isn’t kosha.
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Old April 22nd, 2009 #7
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Turns out GIGO/QIQO applies to cows too.

 
Old April 22nd, 2009 #8
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Heck Cattle, also called reconstructed aurochs or aurochsen, are a hardy breed of cattle (Bos taurus) often referred to by its promoters by the name of "Aurochs" as the Aurochs is an extinct ancestor of modern cattle.
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[edit] Development

Heck cattle were developed in the early 20th century by the Heck brothers in Germany in an attempt to breed back modern cattle to their presumed ancestral form, the aurochs, Bos primigenius primigenius. Heinz Heck working at the Hellabrunn Zoological Gardens in Munich began creating the Heck breed in about 1920. Lutz Heck, director of the Berlin Zoological Gardens, began extensive breeding programs supported by the Nazis during World War II to bring back the aurochs.[1] The reconstructed aurochs fit into the Nazi propaganda drive to create an idyllic history of the Aryan nation.[citation needed]

Heinz Heck crossed Hungarian Grey Cattle, Scottish Highland, Murnau-Werdenfels, Angeln, German Friesian, Podolic cattle and Corsican breeds. In Berlin, Lutz Heck crossed Spanish and French fighting cattle with other breeds. The resulting animals’ configurations were largely similar. The Berlin breed was lost in the aftermath of World War II, so modern Heck cattle are descended from the Hellabrunn breed. At the end of the 20th century, other so-called primitive breeds were crossbred with Heck cattle to come closer to the aim of creating a cattle breed that resembles the extinct aurochs in external appearance.

[edit] Characteristics

A typical Heck bull should be at least 1.6 m (5'3") high and a cow 1.4 m (4'7"), with weight 600 to 900 kg (1,300 to 2,000 lb). Heck cattle are twenty to thirty centimeters shorter than the aurochs they were bred to resemble. However, cross-breeding efforts continue to increase the size and weight of the breed, particularly in Germany.

The Heck bulls were not much larger than the bull of most breeds of domestic cattle, while wild aurochs bulls are believed to have often exceeded 1000 kilograms (2,200 lb), half the size of a rhinoceros. So the African Watusi cattle were then brought into the herd. The result was a somewhat larger animal, but it also caused infertility among the cows, a sign of the genetic divergence that had occurred between these populations of Bos over the millennia. Heck cattle were first bred outside of a zoo in 1980. There were 88 registered at that time. Continued crossbreeding with these animals resolved the infertility in the cows.

[edit] Distribution

There are about 2000 Heck cattle in Europe and few elsewhere.

In Oostvaardersplassen in Flevoland near Lelystad (Netherlands), there are about 600 Heck cattle freely roaming without human interference.[2] Other cattle are at the Falkenthaler Rieselfelder near Berlin. There are also Heck Cattle at the Nesseaue nature reserve near Jena, Thuringia and at the Grubenfelder Leonie nature reseve in Auerbach, Bavaria. There were about 100 registered in France in 2000.


[edit] Controversy

Even though trying to bring back extinct species may seem commendable, "breeding back" is a controversial procedure in the scientific community (see also Quagga). The general consensus among biologists today is that the Hecks' original methodology used to "recreate" the aurochs was flawed: once a genetic lineage is gone, it cannot be "bred back". Some go as far as to consider it outright deceitful. For example, Professor Z. Pucek of the Bialowieza Nature Preserve has characterized the Heck cattle as the "biggest scientific swindle of the 20th Century".[citation needed] Professor Pucek has devoted his life to the conservation of the surviving native Wisent (European Bison) which is seen by some as competition to Heck cattle development.

On the other hand, Heck cattle are considered by some the most suitable cattle breed for low intensity grazing systems in certain types of nature reserves, due to their ruggedness and lack of need for human care.[citation needed] Heck cattle today are propagated in some places to fulfill the role of extinct megafauna in the ecosystem. However, there is uncertainty as to what ecological niche the aurochs itself filled. Dr Frans Vera claims that the aurochs lived in open parkland and supports their inclusion in nature reserve management. Cis van Vuure, however, in his book, Retracing the Aurochs: History, Morphology and Ecology of an Extinct Wild Ox suggests that the aurochs dwelled in dense forests and marshes while the Wisent dwelled in the open landscape. Wisent supporters claim that Heck cattle landscape management is a public relations ploy in order to illegitimately garner support for Heck cattle at the expense of a genuine native species, the Wisent.
Nevertheless, in view of todays farm breeding efforts (mainly a progression in milk and meat production), the heck cattle represents an important source of vital genes. Since a single breeding bull with good genes according to industrial needs can be a sperm donor for a hundred thousand offspring, inbreeding becomes a serious problem in modern farm animal breeding, resulting in diseases which heck cattle and other old farm breeds are rarely affected by.
 
Old April 22nd, 2009 #9
Alex Linder
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Heck Cattle, also called reconstructed aurochs, is a hardy breed of cattle (Bos taurus) often referred to by its promoters by the name of "aurochs". (The aurochs was an extinct recent ancestor to modern cattle.)
 
Old April 22nd, 2009 #10
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