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Old May 5th, 2017 #1
Alex Linder
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Default US Aid to USSR Via Lend-Lease

https://rbth.com/business/2015/05/08...ase_45879.html
 
Old May 8th, 2017 #2
Ray Allan
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From what I've read, Soviet aviators liked the P-39 and P-63 fighters because of its 37mm cannon, good for taking out tanks. Americans didn't favor the planes so much because they had poor performance at higher altitudes, but was a moot point in ground attack. The Soviets didn't like the Allied tanks supplied to them as much as their own T-34 and KV-1 tanks (The Germans even copied the T-34 design in their own Panther tank). But yes, the most useful vehicles they received were trucks and locomotives. They got millions of cans of Spam, too.
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Old May 9th, 2017 #3
Ray Allan
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Russian video about the P-39 Airacobra.

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Old May 17th, 2017 #4
Alex Him
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Technology is, of course, an important thing, but if the Soviet troops did not put all their efforts on the verge of a breakdown, then there would not be those who needed this technique.




Quote:
Sent on September 3, 1941

PERSONAL MESSAGE FROM PREMIER STALIN
TO THE PRIME MINISTER, Mr CHURCHILL

Please accept my thanks for the promise to sell to the Soviet, Union another 200 fighter aeroplanes in addition to the 200 fighters promised earlier. I have no doubt that Soviet pilots will succeed in mastering them and putting them to use.

I must say, however, that these aircraft, which it appears we shall not be able to use soon and not all at once, but at intervals and in groups, cannot seriously change the situation on the Eastern Front. They cannot do so not merely because of the scale of the war, which necessitates the continuous despatch of large numbers of aircraft, but also, and chiefly, because during the last three weeks the position of the Soviet troops has considerably deteriorated in such vital areas as the Ukraine and Leningrad.

The fact is that the relative stabilisation of the front, achieved some three weeks ago, has been upset in recent weeks by the arrival of 30-34 fresh German infantry divisions and enormous numbers of tanks and aircraft at the Eastern Front, and also by the activisation of 20 Finnish and 26 Roumanian divisions. The Germans look on the threat in the West as a bluff, so they are moving all their forces from the West to the East with impunity, knowing that there is no second front in the West nor is there likely to be one. They think it perfectly possible that they will be able to beat their enemies one at a time— first the Russians and then the British.

As a result we have lost more than half the Ukraine and, what is more, the enemy is now at the gates of Leningrad.

These circumstances have led to our loss of the Krivoi Rog iron ore area and a number of iron and steel works in the Ukraine, to the evacuation by us of an aluminium plant on the Dnieper and another in Tikhvin, a motor plant and two aircraft plants in the Ukraine and two motor and two aircraft plants in Leningrad, which cannot begin production on their new sites before seven or eight months.

This has resulted in a lessening of our defence capacity and has confronted the Soviet Union with mortal danger.

Here it is pertinent to ask—what is the way out of this more than unfavourable situation.

I think the only way is to open a second front this year somewhere in the Balkans or in France, one that would divert 30-40 German divisions from the Eastern Front, and simultaneously to supply the Soviet Union with 30,000 tons of aluminium by the beginning of October and a minimum monthly aid of 400 aeroplanes and 500 tanks (of small or medium size).

Without these two kinds of aid the Soviet Union will be either defeated or weakened to the extent that it will lose for a long time the ability to help its Allies by active operations at the front against Hitlerism.

I realise that this message will cause Your Excellency some vexation. But that cannot be helped. Experience has taught me to face up to reality, no matter how unpleasant it may be,and not to shrink from telling the truth, no matter how unpleasant.

The matter of Iran came off well indeed. Joint operations by the British and Soviet troops settled the issue. And so it will be in the future, as long as our forces operate jointly. But Iran is merely an episode. It is not in Iran, of course, that the outcome of the war will be decided.

The Soviet Union, like Britain, does not want war with Japan. The Soviet Union does not deem it possible to violate treaties, including the treaty of neutrality with Japan. But should Japan violate that treaty and attack the Soviet Union, she will be properly rebuffed by Soviet troops.

In conclusion allow me to thank you for the admiration you have expressed for the operations of the Soviet troops, who are waging a bloody war against Hitler's robber hordes for our common liberation cause.

The text was taken from -
https://www.marxists.org/reference/a...ence/01/41.htm

Last edited by Alex Him; May 17th, 2017 at 01:20 PM.
 
Old 4 Weeks Ago #5
Ray Allan
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Lend-Lease trucks and jeeps were some of the most important items sent, more so than tanks and airplanes. The Soviet Army received hundreds of thousands during the war.


After the war, thousands of surviving vehicles, tanks and planes were put under hydraulic presses and crushed into scrap metal. What a pity. Not many survive in museums today. The Americans did this with their war surplus, too.
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Old 4 Weeks Ago #6
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Here is a BM-13N Katyusha on display at the Museum of the Great Patriotic War. It uses a Lend-Lease US-built Studebaker US6 as its base.




This M4 Sherman is on display at the Central Museum of Armed Forces of Ukraine in Kiev. It was knocked out by the Germans during the Great Patriotic War and recovered from a bog in 2004.




Here is a Lend-Lease P-39Q Airacobra at the Aviation Museum of Central Finland, shot down by the Finns during WWII.

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Old 3 Weeks Ago #7
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The Soviet Air Force (VVS) received a total of 862 Lend-Lease B-25 'Mitchell' medium bombers. This aircraft is famous for being used in Jimmy Doolittle's 18 April 1942 Tokyo raid. The Soviets operated the B-25 in ground support and tactical daylight bombing, and a small number as transports.

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Old 3 Weeks Ago #8
Ray Allan
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Old 2 Weeks Ago #9
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Default Soviet Spitfires

The Soviet Union received 1,333 Supermarine Spitfires during WW2. Russian aviators didn't particularly like them, as some Allied-built aircraft and tanks weren't really suited to the rigors of combat on the Eastern Front. The Lend-Lease Spits were not even supplied with maintenance manuals! So Red Army mechanics and pilots had to work it out on their own. Pilots did like the Spit's handling and flying characteristics however, compared to other machines.

http://www.airpages.ru/eng/uk/spitll9.shtml/

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Old 2 Weeks Ago #10
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Default Tu-4: Russian B-29

While not a Lend-Lease item, the USSR produced in postwar a close copy of the American Boeing B-29 Superfortress called the Tu-4 (NATO name: "Bull"). In WW2, 3 USAAF B-29s made emergency landings in Soviet territory after bombing missions over Japan. Lacking a modern heavy bomber of his own, Stalin ordered the design bureau of Andrei N. Tupolev to reverse-engineer the B-29, and the first Soviet-made version, the Tu-4, first flew in 1947 and entered service in 1949. The aircraft dropped the first Soviet atomic bomb the same year. Tu-4 spawned a number of other Soviet military bombers and transports in addition to civilian airliners. An interesting fact about the B-29 is both the present-day Russian Tu-95 "Bear" series and the US B-52 bomber are descendants of this airplane.

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Last edited by Ray Allan; 2 Weeks Ago at 05:23 PM.
 
Old 2 Weeks Ago #11
Jeffrey Smither
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Ray Allan View Post
While not a Lend-Lease item, the USSR produced in postwar a close copy of the American Boeing B-29 Superfortress called the Tu-4 (NATO name: "Bull"). In WW2, 3 USAAF B-29s made emergency landings in Soviet territory after bombing missions over Japan. Lacking a modern heavy bomber of his own, Stalin ordered the design bureau of Andrei N. Tupolev to reverse-engineer the B-29, and the first Soviet-made version, the Tu-4, first flew in 1947 and entered service in 1949. The aircraft dropped the first Soviet atomic bomb the same year. Tu-4 spawned a number of other Soviet military bombers and transports in addition to civilian airliners. An interesting fact about the B-29 is both the present-day Russian Tu-95 "Bear" series and the US B-52 bomber are descendants of this airplane.

YouTube
The TU-95 can reach the West Coast, however to carry the Tsar Bomba the Fuselage fuel tanks were taken out so the Tu95 didn't have a very long range carrying it.
 
Old 1 Week Ago #12
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Jeffrey Smither View Post
The TU-95 can reach the West Coast, however to carry the Tsar Bomba the Fuselage fuel tanks were taken out so the Tu95 didn't have a very long range carrying it.
Tsar Bomba was originally planned to be a 100 megaton device, but the delivery aircraft could not have escaped the blast in time, so it was downgraded to 50mt, still the most powerful nuclear bomb ever detonated.
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Old 5 Days Ago #13
Ray Allan
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Many uniforms, shoes and boots for Soviet Army soldiers were manufactured in the US under Lend-Lease. Most were made in the USSR however, as they had many millions of men (and women) under arms during the war.

This is an American collector/re-enactor modeling the uniforms and equipment in the video. I'm jealous of this guy for having all this stuff, I wish I did.

A lot of this type of gear was used into the 1980s into the Afghan war period. The ushanka is still in use, of course. Alex Him served in the Russian army, so he could probably answer all that for certain better than me.

I admit it, I also like the Hunt For Red October soundtrack.

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