|April 21st, 2012||#1|
Join Date: Jun 2011
Fertility Rates and Ethnic Conflict
Different racial/ethnic groups have different fertility rates, and often these differences can be very significant. Some groups of people have many more babies than other groups of people, and this often contributes to ethnic resentment. Different ethnic groups often have different political interests, and higher fertility rates can alter the balance of power within the time frame of a few decades. Certain ethnic groups may make accusations that it is "not fair", or accuse women from another ethnicity of having too many babies with reckless abandon. This certainly can make a large segment of a society reluctant to provide help to its poor.
"Control, or the claim of control, over the means of reproduction has been more fundamental to history than control of the means of production"
— R. McElbaine, "Eve’s Seed: Biology, the Sexes & Course of History"
"We must understand that the most potent weapons of war are the penis and the womb. Therefore, if you cannot convince a group to control its population by discussion, debate, intelligent analysis etc., you must consider their action in using the penis & the womb to increase population, an Act of War."
— Judge Jason G. Brent, "Humans: An Endangered Species"
In "Narrow Roads of Gene Land" (volume 2) W. D. Hamilton argues that a basic cause of racism — and, particularly, of ethnically motivated genocide — is a differential birth rate between groups.
"I suggested it might be useful for us to discuss the psychology of population situations and to give special attention to those where closely placed or intermixed distinct groups had strikingly different rates of increase. In particular, it might be useful to consider what this might do to competitive birth rates and aggressive instincts connected with population perceptions. . . . we were all expected, as a result of population genetical processes—natural selection in fact— to have psychological biases that wouldn't necessarily be easily visible on the surface but whose reality would come to the fore in situations where these rapid changes in a population's composition were imminent. There was a matter of within, and between-group variances involved here, this applying to the very genes that made us. It wasn't necessary to such ideas, I added, that shortages of land or whatever would be apparent right when divisive psychology took effect; it would be in this nature of the group psychology to anticipate what might be about to happen. . . . If we really wanted to understand why population is a difficult issue to discuss and to do anything about it in the world, I continued . . . , it is very essential that we understand the evolutionary forces that have moulded reproductive and territorial psychology in humans— the features must be old, of course, started doubtless mainly in our Old Stone Age past. If we wanted to recommend policies to affect population trends in any direction today, we perhaps needed to discuss first the underlying motivations that all people had to possess— that must be there from the very fact that they themselves came form successful parentage and successful families of the past."
"Increase of Ashkenazi Jews in eastern Europe in the span of the nineteenth century is said to have been almost fourfold (S. Jones, In the Blood: God, Genes and Destiny (HarperCollins, London, 1996)). This implies a doubling about every generation. Very surprisingly this fact seems almost never to be discussed as part causative background to the holocaust, an omission that continues even when claims of group competition are the focus (K. MacDonald, Separation and its Discontents (Praeger, Wesport, CT, 1998 )."
In South Africa, before the end of the white Apartheid government, The African National Congress (ANC) initially resorted to violence, intimidation, and terrorist tactics to consolidate power among the various Black factions. Reproduction was seen as one of the strategies to obtain an advantage in the conflict, and indeed the ANC eventually was able to consolidate power and obtain a virtual monopoly of power over South Africa. The ANC Youth League, composed of young men between 16 and 25 years old, brutally suppressed all opposition, using stabbings, and burning suspected opponents and small business owners alive by placing their body inside a rubber tire and igniting it with petrol. In the Province of Lebowa, for example, 72% of the total population were less than 20 years old.
Black girls were coerced to attend evening political assemblies: “They would come into the house and tell us we should go. They didn't ask your mother they just said 'come let's go'. You would just have to go with them. They would threaten you with their belts and ultimately you would think that if you refused, they would beat you. Our parents were afraid of them”. All those opposing the wishes of the young men were reminded, that it was every woman’s obligation to give birth to new “soldiers”, in order to replace those warriors killed in the liberation struggle. The idiom of the adolescents referred to these patriotic efforts as “operation production”. Because of exactly this reason it was forbidden for the girls to use contraceptives. Delius 1996:189; Niehaus 1999:250
For Hispanic fertility rates in the USA, more can be read here:
"Multiculturalism, and Ethnic Conflict: A Rent-Seeking Perspective", Evan Osborne, Kyklos, Volume 53, Issue 4, pages 509–526, November 2000